University

04/27/2011

Reviews of Guantanamo files confirm: psychologists knew of torture, and tacitly supported it

599px-Camp_x-ray_detainees In 2008 the American Psychological Association issued a resolution saying that psychologists may not work in places where people are tortured, or support torture in any form. 

To many of us have done it anyway. 

Vincent Iacopino and Stephen Xenakis reviewed Guantanamo Bay (GTMO) medical records and case files of nine prisoners. The records showed that the detainees did tell GTMO medical staff that they were being tortured, tortured with abusive interrogation methods that are clearly defined by the UN as being torture. What they went through was even beyond the Bush administration lax definition of torture.

Despite witnessing the physical and psychological wounds of these nine detainees, medical staff took no action to report the violations. They patched them up and sent them back in.

It gets worse. Medical records show that the detainees were showing signs of psychological problems. Yes, being imprisoned is going to take someone to an edge of psychological despair, but the records showed that there was much more going on.  One of the detainees was having nightmares, memory lapses, loss of appetite, depression and suicidal thoughts. He was treated with antidepressants and a chilling recommendation of “You…need to relax when guards are being more aggressive.”

The BHS tried to ignore what they were seeing by slapping a diagnosis on the detainee’s pain. The records show that rather suffering from the psychological torture they were actually borderline or unable to deal with the stressors of “confinement.”

Psychologists aren’t alone in failing the very humanity they study, of course:  medical doctors are equally culpable … as is the system and officials that put them in this position.  But we can’t blame others.  We must, as professionals and human beings, take responsibility for our own actions. 

Psychologists, and doctors, must remember as we study humanity that we are humans first, scientists second.  As Carl Rogers stated, “If behavioral scientists are concerned solely with advancing their science, it seems most probably that they will serve the purposes of whatever individual or group has the power.”

Science was used as way to perpetuate violence towards others as a way to serve the group with the greatest power. In all cases it took the actions and advocacy of physicians, psychiatrists, and psychologists to demand the recognition that of medically licensed torture and to establish policies that bar participation in torture. They questioned the actions and ethics of those in power all for the well-being of humanity.

There’s a quote by Carl Jung on the act of torture, “The healthy man does not torture others – generally it is the tortured who turn into torturers” It may be that the words healthy man should be changed to healthy society. A healthy society does not condone torture, nor should it ask healers to violate their ethics in order to do so.

-- Makenna Berry

 

Posted at 01:06 PM in

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