An abridged chronology of Existentialism in America – and The New Existentialists
Note: The following list of contributions and events related to Existential-Humanistic Psychology is not intended at all to be exhaustive but, rather, is intended to provide a useful overview of some major "touchstones" of the evolving movement.
It was prepared by Eugene Taylor
I. Early History
- 1949 Clark Moustakas joins faculty at the Merrill-Palmer Institute in Detroit and launches discussions that lay important foundations for what would eventually become humanistic-existential psychology
- 1951 Carl Rogers publishes Client-Centered Therapy
- 1950s Rogers and associates at University of Chicago conduct research demonstrating the importance and therapeutic effectiveness of empathy, positive regard, and congruence.
- 1950s Abraham Maslow corresponds with his now-famous "list" of scholars and scientists who have concerns about the limitations of behaviorism and psychoanalysis.
- 1954 Abraham Maslow publishes Motivation and Personality
- 1956 Moustakas publishes The Self
- 1958 Rollo May, along with Angel and Ellenberger, publishes Existence: A New Dimension in Psychology and Psychiatry
- 1959 Symposium is presented at APA on “Existential Psychology”
- 1960 May edits Existential Psychology
- 1961 Journal of Humanistic Psychology is launched
- 1961 Watts publishes Psychotherapy East and West
- 1964 Conference of the American Association of Humanistic Psychology (name later changed to Association for Humanistic Psychology (AHP) held in Connecticut. The conference is now known as the "First Old Saybrook Conference."
- James Bugental publishes The Search for Authenticity
II. The Movement Matures
- 1964 Rogers’s publishes “Toward a Science of the Person”
- 1966 Maslow publishes The Psychology of Science: A Reconnaissance
- 1969 The Journal of Transpersonal Psychology is launched
- 1971 Maslow publishes Religions, Values, and Peak Experiences
- 1968 Gardner and Lois Murphy edit Asian Psychologies
- 1970 Amedeo Giorgi publishes Psychology as a Human Science
- 1971 Eleanor Criswell and Art Warmoth found the Humanistic Psychology Institute 1973 Division 32 founded in the APA
- 1985 Humanistic Psychology Institute (HPI) becomes Saybrook Institute, gains regional accreditation, and embraces post-modernist perspectives
- 1995 Kirk Schneider co-edits The Psychology of Existence with Rollo May
- 1999 Eugene Taylor publishes Shadow Culture: Psychology and Spirituality in America
- 2000 Second Old Saybrook Conference is held in Georgia.
III. The Current Period
- 2001 David Cain and Julius Seeman publish Humanistic Psychotherapies
- 2001 Schneider, along with Bugental and Pierson, publish The Handbook of Humanistic Psychology
- 2002 Saybrook Institute becomes Saybrook Institute and Research Center
- 2004 Schneider publishes The Rediscovery of Awe
- 2008 Annual Conference of the Society for Humanistic Psychology, Division 32 of APA, is launched.
- 2008 Schneider publishes Existential-Integrative Psychotherapy
- 2008 Thomas Greening publishes Words Against the Void: Poems by an Existential Psychologist
- 2009 Saybrook Institute and Research Center founds three colleges and becomes Saybrook University
- 2009 Louis Hoffman co-edits Existential Psychology East and West
- 2009 David Elkins publishes Humanistic Psychology: A Clinical Manifesto
- 2010 Mendelowitz publishes Ethics and Lao-tzu: Intimations of Character.
- 2010 HTP expands its existential faculty and a new certificate program sponsored jointly by Saybrook University and the Existential-Humanistic Institute is approved
- 2010 Schneider and Orah Krug publish Existential-Humanistic Therapy through the APA
- 2010 Eugene Taylor publishes “…An outrageous hypothesis” in JHP
- 2011 HTP launches “The New Existential-Humanistic Psychology at Saybrook”
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