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Are you a "thou" or an "it"?

Posted on 25 Jan | 1 comment
Martin Buber says you're a Thou
Martin Buber says you're a Thou

"I believe that the key to creating society that is nourishing, empowering and healing for everyone lies in how we relate to one another." -- Martin Buber, an Austrian born Jewish philosopher

I came across his work early in my studies of existentialism and existential psychology. Buber’s philosophy was genuine and showed his love and hope for humanity. His existential philosophical piece entitled I Thou is a philosophical discussion on how we relate to other, consciously and unconsciously is what makes us human.

This is what drew me into his idea. Buber introduced two distinct ways of relating I-Thou and I-It.

In the I-Thou encounter we relate to each other as authentic beings, without judgment, qualification or objectification. I meet you as you are and you meet me as who I am. In the I-thou relationship what is key is how I am with you in my own heart and mind.

The I-It encounter is the opposite in that we relate to another as object, completely outside of ourselves.

Let’s step out of the philosophical language. How does this show up in reality?

I remember the time when I was an intern working at a shelter for families who were experiencing homeless and finding that the greatest asset that I had was the relationships I formed with the families that lived at the shelter.

It was both hard and wonderful to listen to their stories. I found that I carried them in my mind and heart even after being away for days. I would relate to them even when they were not with me in the room. I would think about the last conversation I had with a mother about her feelings of grief around a lost family member.

My relationship with her was constant even if she was not there. This was an experience of her becoming part of me and part of my own identity. How? Her stories we always on my mind and as a result, her stories become part of my own stories that I am reflecting on now.

This way of relating was or rather is powerful. I honestly feel that I was far more effective as an intern therapist because of what Buber suggested.

The I-It relating would be radically different. I have been participating in community organizations for nearly 15 years. Over the years I have sat in numerous meetings with the agenda of helping “the homeless”. The term “the homeless” distances us from seeing the humanity in the families that I was working with at the shelter.

They were more than homeless families. Being homeless was just a state of being not who they were as individuals. A few years ago, I began to shift my internal and external language away from using the term “the homeless” as way to describe the lovely folks I was working with.

In doing so, I moved away from the I-It relationship that Buber described as being a relationship based on seeing others as things or in this case as objects which can easily be dehumanizing.

The I-Thou relationship where one meets the other as who they are rather than what they represent is powerful and healing. Rather than looking at a mother who is living at the shelter as a homeless mother, we can see her as a mother and a woman with a name and a personal story to share.

Her story becomes part of our lives and in turn part of our humanity.

When I consider Buber’s philosophy in relation to social change I can see how a shift in we relate to one another would be a great service.

I was no longer working with the homeless I was working with people to help them find themselves and a new home.

Consider these terms that are often used in policy, health and community services.

HIV Infected Individuals
Single Mothers
Alcoholic

Do we relate to another as an HIV Infected individual or do we relate to them as who they are in their experience of being HIV infected?

I believe that is the question Buber’s I-Thou and I-It philosophy can address. We would be better served in our intentions to create a better world for so many if we considered how we relate to one another.

On a conscious level we can acknowledged how the labels and assumptions we have about others impacts our conversations and relationships. On a more intimate level we can acknowledge how we hold each other in our thoughts even when we are not with others.

It takes work to be open to such a deeply intimate relationship with others. I am still working on developing a similar relationship with others in my world, really as way to become a better therapist and person.

I still think of the families I had the opportunity to be with at the shelter. I hold them in my heart and in a sense still have what I would consider a genuine relationship with them, even if they are not here with me. That holding of another is I-Thou relating. It is this type of connection to others on a spiritual and emotional level that can only lead to true relating and compassion for one another.

-- Makenna Berry

Read other posts by Makenna Berry

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Comments and Discussions

As someone who has devoted

As someone who has devoted their life to the systematic application of Martin Buber's theories of human relating in a therapeutic method, I was very pleased to come across this article! Martin Buber was arguably one of the most important thinkers of the twentieth century, and was hugely influential in the development of the person-centred psychotherapy of Carl Rogers. Buber believed that it was through genuine relating with other people that we are most able to be healed as persons.
If readers are interested to read further, I have summarized Buber’s 'I-Thou' philosophy and its philosophical context here: Martin Buber and describe a novel relational therapy based on his theories of healing here: Relational Healing. Please feel free to get in touch if you want to discuss any of the points raised.

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