Faculty Profile: Benina Gould

Photograph of BeninaGould
Benina Gould

Benina Gould received her Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from Fielding Institute, receiving the Annual Social Justice Award. She was awarded a Carnegie Fellowship at the Belfer Center for International Studies at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government and Grants from the Center for Middle Eastern Studies , UC Berkeley and the Fetzer Foundation. She is former Director of the Social Transformation Program at Saybook Graduate School in San Francisco and a visiting scholar at the University of California, International and Area Studies.

Recently, Benina has completed a research study in Indonesia with colleagues at Pesantrens in Solo, Central Java entitled "Accessing Global Information: The Use of the Internet for Current Islamic and Non-Islamic Issues by Students in Solo, Indonesia" which was published in the American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, Vol 29, Spring 2012, #2. This research has also taken place in the Islamic community in California and in Pakistan. The purpose of this research was to examine the stereotype that 'madrassas' are the breeding grounds of fundamentalism."

Benina's present work "Beyond Tolerence: "Student Religion/Pluralism Survey" is a long term project with the "Abrahamic Family Outreach" at the Center for Theory and Research at Esalen Institute. The survey asks questions in order to understand the role that religion plays in the daily lives of high school students both at school , with their friends and durning a crisis. This research has been completed in Oakland, California, Muenster, Germany and Punjab, Pakistan.

Dr. Gould practices clinical psychology in Berkeley, Ca.

Curriculum Vitae

Upcoming Presentations and Public Addresses

  • June -2008
  • The Use of Technology by Indonesian Youth in Pesantrans. 9th International Conference on Social Representations Bali, Indonesia.
  • July- 2008
  • Technology and Social Change: Indonesian and Pakistani Muslim Youth Internet Survey. International Society of Political Psychology, Paris, France.
  • September-2008
  • "Intergenerational Inheritance of Trauma:Fueling future Violence" Engaging the Other:The Power of Compassion. Common Bond Institute, San Mateo, Ca.

Degrees, Discipline, Year, Institution


Current Projects and Professional Activities

 Muslim Youth Internet Survey;Indoctrination of Youth to Fundamentalist and Non-Fundamentalist Islamic Terrorism The Arabic word jihad means literally “struggle” and Islamic scholars have long been divided on how it should be interpreted. For some it means the struggle to defend one’s faith and ideals against harmful outside influences. For others it has come to represent the duty of Muslims to fight to rid the Islamic world of western influence in the form of corrupt and despotic leaders and occupying armies.” Since not all Muslim youth interpret their faith in this way, my research will strive for an understanding of how some, but not others are influenced by fundamalist Islam through the Internet. A pilot study called the “Muslim Youth Internet Survey” has taken place in the United States, Pakistan, and Indonesia. The examination of youth and Cyberspace is the first stage of the research and attempts to thematically quantify where young people go for information about Islamic Current Events and Non-Islamic Current Events.

Significant Publications

Berger Gould, B. (1994). From the Outside In: The Human Side of Crisis Management. In Berger Gould, B. and DeMuth, D. (Eds), The Global Family Therapist: Integrating the Personal, Professional and Political (pp. 210-228). Needham, MA: Allyn & Bacon.


Berger Gould, B. (1994). Personal Reflections on Women and War. In Berger Gould, B. and DeMuth. D. (Eds.), The Global Family Therapist: Integrating the Personal, Professional and Political (pp. 271-277). MA :Allyn & Bacon.


Gould, B. (1997) Ritual as Resistance: Tibetan Women and Nonviolence. In Waller, M. and Rycenga, J. (Eds.), Frontline Feminisms Women, War and Resistance (pp. 213-233). New York and London: Garland Publishing.









Important Conference Presentations

Research Interests


Research Expertise

Expertise Working with Saybrook Students

Director of Social Transformation Concentration. Aid in finding internships in the area of human rights, international security, and refugee work. Brings expertise and interest to Track II diplomacy; led trips for psychologists to the former Soviet Union from 1983-1989 and is recently involved with doing this in the Muslim world.

Research Expertise

Research Expertise Rating Guide:

  1. studied in a class or have read intensively on my own
  2. special training in the form of a workshop or equivalent
  3. taught a class in, or supervised research using this method (research practicum, on a dissertation or master's committee
  4. used in research myself
  5. published or presented at conferences my research using this method

Methods Traditionally Considered As Quantitative (But Need Not Be)

Laboratory Research
Field Experiments
Randomized Controlled Clinical
Quasi-experimental methods
Correlational Methods

Methods That Could Use Quantitative Or Qualitative Methods

Action Research
Survey Research
Interview Research
Observational Research
Epidemiological Research
Focus Groups
Self-Observational Methods
Narrative Methods
Feminist Methods
Content Analysis
Discovery-Oriented (psychotherapy)
Events paradigm (psychotherapy)
Archival Research
Case History Methods
Appreciative Inquiry
Multiple Case Depth Research
Hermeneutic Single Case Efficacy Design
Longitudinal research
Cross-sectional research

Methods Primarily Associated With Qualitative Research (But May Also Use Quantitative)

Ethnoautobiographical research
Grounded Theory
Heuristic Research

Types of Analysis

Simple Parametric Statistics (t-test, etc.)
Confidence intervals
Analysis of Variance (including MANOVA)
Analysis of Covariance
Regression (including multiple regression)
Discriminant Function Analysis
Structural Equation Modeling/Path Analysis
Causal Modeling
Cluster Analysis
Survival Analysis
Bayesian Analysis
Meta-analysis and effect sizes
Factor Analysis
Time series analysis
Multidimensional scaling