Saybrook University


Should "internet addiction" be treated with drugs?



Somewhere, a committee is trying to draw a line in the sand:  check your email so many times a day and you’re healthy;  check it so many more and you’re an addict in need of mental health counseling, and  possibly drugs. 

One year ago the American Journal of Psychiatry published an editorial calling for recognition in the upcoming DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) – the “Bible of psychiatry” – of “Internet addiction” as a mental disorder.  Late last month, Psychology Today blogger Christopher Lane noted that the effort to include Internet addiction in the DSM is still ongoing … and fairly uncontroversial among the psychiatric community. 

For Lane, it should be controversial – and the idea of treating Internet addiction with drugs is ludicrous.  Here at Saybrook, the PsyD classes led by Art Bohart are presently examining this very issue:  is Internet addiction “real”?  If so, what kind of disorder is it?  And how can it best be treated?

For Bohart, the very approach taken by psychiatry is the problem – and that has nothing to do with exactly what “Internet addiction” is.

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Re-evaluating ethics in 21st century war



The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan may not be exceptions:  they may be the new rule.

According to a recent article in The New Atlantis by former Marine and current Ethics and Public Policy Center senior fellow Keith Pavlischek, the United States’ dominance in conventional warfare has given insurgents the world over the incentive to use different types of tactics.  Therefore, “It is likely,” Pavlischek notes, “that the United States will be involved in more irregular conflicts in the years ahead.”

The history of counter-insurgency warfare is pretty brutal, as Pavlischek documents. These kinds of conflicts are much more likely to resemble Afghanistan and Iraq than World War II or the first Gulf War, which for Pavlischek and a host of military scholars and ethicists raises a troubling question:  have we learned anything in Afghanistan and Iraq that will help us develop more ethical tactics?

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Humanistic thought for bioengineered humans



Humanity passed a milestone last month, with the first ever commercial fertility service announcing that it would allow parents to screen potential offspring for “cosmetic” details such as eye color, hair color, and skin color. 

 The company (Fertility Institutes) announced that it was dropping the service shortly afterward, as “we remain sensitive to public perception and feel that any benefit the diagnostic studies may offer are far outweighed by the apparent negative societal impacts involved,” according to a company statement. 

But even if this was a near miss, the fact remains that genetic research is moving steadily ahead, and its commercial aspects … in this country and in others … are moving quickly too.  At some point, some level of “designer humans” appear to be inevitable. 

For psychologists, and for everyone, this new era will present some profoundly new versions of old questions:  How do we approach issues of identity and moral responsibility when many details of children can be chosen by their parents (or others) as never before?  What are the implications for personhood?  For the way we think of ourselves, and others?

Saybrook psychology faculty member Eugene Taylor says that however new the technology, the underlying folly of “the commercialization of biology” is an old one:  that idea that everything can be rationally managed if we just think hard enough about it.

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Survey says email is good, collaboration is better


A recent survey conducted on Saybrook’s technology tools shows that most Saybrook classes are barely scratching the potential of communications technology.

According to the online survey, developed by Saybrook’s Dean of Instruction Eric Fox, the vast majority of students (73%) usually keep in touch with faculty via email, and almost never with text messaging or chat with audio or video.  About half of students reported using listservs to develop group discussions in classes, and less than a quarter reported that classes use blogs, wikis, or online portfolios.
By the same token, email is by far the most popular technology asked for, with an overwhelming majority (80%) saying they were “very interested” in contacting faculty through email.  No other technology scored as well, but 80% students reported that they were at least “somewhat interested” in the use of online bulletin boards, videos, self-paced online tutorials, and audio clips/podcasts. A majority of students also expressed interest in the use of online chatrooms or instant messaging, phone conferencing, blogs, wikis, electronic portfolios, listservs, and audio or video chats.
Students also say they’d like opportunities for increased collaboration.  Just over half of students (57.4%) would like to collaborate more with other students on projects or courses, and a majority of students (74.7%) either felt that Saybrook’s technological tools were insufficient for building community among students, or were neutral on the question.

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Saybrook announces the Jim and Elizabeth Bugental scholarship fund


Admirers, alumni, and friends of Saybrook have established a scholarship fund in the memory of Saybrook founder James F.T. Bugental, PhD, and Elizabeth Keber Bugental, PhD. 

The scholarship will support Saybrook students interested in studying the tradition of existential and experiential psychotherapy developed in the teaching and writing of Jim and Elizabeth. 

“Many in the Saybrook community have been deeply moved and influenced by Elizabeth and Jim,” said Saybrook President Lorne Buchman, “and the creation of this annual award is an opportunity to demonstrate our gratitude for and recognition of their enduring contributions to humanistic thought and practice. 

In the commencement address that Elizabeth gave to Saybrook graduates in 2006, she encouraged our students to “bear daily witness to the glory of the human spirit, the power of determination, the joy of connection, and the endurance of love.”

“In their lives, Elizabeth and Jim did just that,” Buchman says, “and we are proud that their names will continue to be connected to Saybrook through this new scholarship.”

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Dreams are made of better stuff


It was, according to the New York Times, a breakthrough in the study of dreams.

“(S)ocial scientists now have answers,” about what dreams “mean,” wrote Times science blogger John Tierny, “and really, it’s about time.”

He was referring to a meta-analysis published by the APA showing that “people engage
in motivated interpretation of their dreams and that these interpretations impact their everyday lives.”

In other words, there is a selection bias in the way we interpret dreams:  we’re more likely to act on the basis of dreams that reinforce our existing prejudices, and less likely to believe in dreams that tell us things we don’t want to hear.

Voila! Tierny wrote.  These “suspiciously convenient correlations” mean that your dreams mean “whatever your bias says.”  Problem solved.

Saybrook’s experts in dream studies are not impressed. 

“I find it interesting and not a little amusing that one should do studies to show that our cultures and belief systems influence how we interpret dreams,” says Claire Frederick, a faculty member in Saybrook’s Mind-Body Medicine and Consciousness and Spirituality programs.  “From a strictly neuroscience point of view, this seems obvious.”

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Be a Librarian: See the World


For Annemarie Welteke, the only problem with her job as a librarian is the marketing:  she thinks the Navy stole her slogan.
“You know how they used to say ‘see the world, join the Navy?’” Saybrook’s librarian asks.  “I always think of it as:  see the world, become a librarian.  I know it’s not so common an experience, but really the job of librarian is much the same throughout the world.  Having worked in five different countries, I can practice as a librarian anywhere.”
Recently she had a chance to prove it, when – as the recipient of a prestigious Fulbright Senior Specialist award – Annemarie served as a peer advisor to the national library of Bahrain, and to the library of the University of Bahrain. 
For anyone else, this might have been the opportunity of a lifetime.  But for Annemarie, it was one more stop in a lifetime of opportunities. 
Annemarie’s career has taken her from Japan (three years) to Ethiopia (nine years) to India (one year) and to the U.S.  Here at Saybrook, she found her intellectual home – but of course she wanted to travel again.  

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Research Opportunity: Discover the "Power of Place"


We’ve all been to a “special place” – even if we couldn’t explain what that meant.  Some places are romantic, others profound, and some have history written all over them.

How does that happen?  How do they get that way?  Most importantly, could such places, and the way we relate to them, cultivate them, and care for them, have a powerful impact on what happens there? 

Saybrook Organizational Systems alumna Renee Levi is heading up a new research project on the Power of Places to influence people and events. 

The Powers of Place Collaborative (website currently under construction) is an 18-month initiative supported by the Fetzer Institute and the Berkana Institute that will “catalyze a new field of study and practice based on the premise that right relationship between people and the places in which they gather offers the potential for transformative action needed change in the world,” Levi says. 

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Is a "Nanny" state a "healthy" state?


It didn’t get much buzz in America, but across the pond Britons are still talking (so we’re told) about a BBC commentary made last month by Dr Alan Maryon-Davis, the President of the UK Faculty of Public Health.

In it, Dr. Maryon-Davis says that public health has become a significant enough social issue that the government must intervene at far more significant levels to ensure participation and effectiveness.  Sound like a “nanny state?”  Yes, says Maryon-Davis, it does:  and that’s not a bad thing.

“Is the government 'nannying' us too much” to help prevent killers like heart disease, strokes, and cancer?  Maryon-Davis writes.  “Is it trying too hard to micro-manage our health?  I say firmly - no.”

Here at Saybrook, many faculty have been advocating a changing governmental role in health care for years:  Mind-Body Medicine faculty member Marie DiCowden, for example, has overseen public hearings on the way the government – at all levels – can encourage best practice. 

But at the same time, DiCowden says, the idea of “nannying” doesn’t seem to get it quite right.

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Building America's first "green highway"


Imagine a highway stretching along the coast from California to Mexico – with alternative, eco-friendly fuels available at every rest stop.  Need compressed natural gas?  Electricity?  Biodiesel?  Hydrogen?  They’d offer it to every car that passes by.

That’s the dream of three state governors - Gov. Chris Gregoire in Washington, Gov. Ted Kulongoski in Oregon, and Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger in California – who envision America’s first “Green Highway” across 1,300 miles of coastland. 

If the idea can clear federal and state regulations … not to mention opposition from business groups who say alternative refueling stations at rest stops would take business away from nearby private entities … it would be a milestone in both American environmentalism and inter-state cooperation. 

Nancy Southern, who directs Saybrook’s Organizational Systems program, says it also might be a good reason to finally buy an alternative fuel vehicle.

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