I would qualify Johns comment

I would qualify Johns comment that "they are less about power and control and more about cooperation, diffuse authority and decision-making and meaningful work for everyone." The governing system principle here is requisite variety - the control function has to have at least as many options as the environment.

John's comment is certainly true in a volatile environment where the risk to stakeholders is minimal, such as with tech firms. But do you really want diffuse authority and decision-making in a nuclear plant or airline control tower? For those environments where the risk of failure and its results are catastrophic, perhaps we want more central command-and-control with well-defined decision protocols?


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